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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of variables in relation to the total sample and whether respondents experienced The Expansion

From: The expansion of higher education admissions and the gender equalization of higher education opportunity: an empirical study based on Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS2008) data

  Total sample Did not experience The Expansion Experienced The Expansion Note
Did or did not receive advanced education     Binary variables
 Yes 755 (1.09) 374 (1.23) 381 (0.97) 1
 No 2,737 (0.81) 2,061 (0.80) 676 (0.86) 0
Gender     Binary variables
 Male 1,622 1,121 501 1
 Female 1,870 1,314 556 0
Residence before age 14     Binary variables
 Nonrural area 1,507 952 555 1
 Rural area 1,985 1,483 502 0
Economic conditions of family     Ordinal variables, ranging from 1 to 10; centered when interacted with gender variable
 Minimum −2.812 −2.812 −2.182  
 Maximum 6.188 6.188 6.188  
 Mean −0.016 −0.261 0.551  
Parental educational level     Ordinal variables
 Primary school or lower 1,781 1,501 280 1
 Junior high school 875 520 355 2
 Senior high school/technical school 614 270 344 3
 College or higher 222 144 78 4
Ethnic group     Binary variables
 Han 3,231 2,255 976 1
 Other minority ethnic groups 261 180 81 0
Did or did not experience The Expansion     Binary variables
 Yes 1,057    1
 No 2,435    0
Number of respondent's siblings and gender ratio     Background information
 Only child (gender ratio) 458 (1.28) 118 (1.88) 340 (1.13)
 Two (gender ratio) 756 (1.06) 383 (1.10) 373 (1.02)
 Three (gender ratio) 866 (0.80) 651 (0.84) 215 (0.71)
 Four (gender ratio) 561 (0.75) 495 (0.77) 66 (0.65)
 Five (gender ratio) 393 (0.64) 360 (0.69) 33 (0.27)
 Six or more (gender ratio) 458 (0.74) 428 (0.75) 30 (0.58)