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Table 3 Logit models on the factors affecting higher education opportunity in China

From: The expansion of higher education admissions and the gender equalization of higher education opportunity: an empirical study based on Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS2008) data

Variable Baseline model Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Gender 0.222** 0.258*** 0.828*** 0.833***
(0.092) (0.096) (0.180) (0.156)
The Expansion 0.683*** 0.686*** 0.688*** 0.685***
(0.097) (0.097) (0.098) (0.098)
Nonrural area 1.055*** 1.054*** 1.056*** 1.545***
(0.101) (0.101) (0.101) (0.146)
Family economic conditions 0.092*** 0.124*** 0.088*** 0.090***
(0.023) (0.0316) (0.023) (0.023)
Parental educational level (junior high school)a 0.822*** 0.816*** 1.286*** 0.828***
(0.122) (0.122) (0.182) (0.123)
Parental educational level (senior high school) 1.397*** 1.394*** 1.849*** 1.420***
(0.129) (0.129) (0.192) (0.129)
Parental educational level (college or higher) 1.701*** 1.695*** 2.207*** 1.700***
(0.170) (0.170) (0.252) (0.170)
Ethnicity 0.308 0.312 0.318 0.307
(0.200) (0.200) (0.200) (0.201)
Gender × family economic conditions   −0.0651   
  (0.044)   
Gender × junior high school    −0.852***  
   (0.243)  
Gender × senior high school    −0.806***  
   (0.248)  
Gender × college or higher    −0.904***  
   (0.334)  
Gender × nonrural area     −0.952***
    (.194)
Intercept −3.256*** −3.278*** −3.616*** −3.578***
(0.216) (0.217) (0.241) (0.231)
Number of respondents 3,492 3,492 3,492 3,492
Pseudo R2 0.186 0.187 0.191 0.193
  1. aThe reference group is ‘primary school or lower.’ Numbers in parentheses are standard errors. **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01.