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Table 2 Basic features of the sample and demographic features obtained by RDS inference (N = 656)

From: The causal mechanism of migration behaviors of African immigrants in Guangzhou: from the perspective of cumulative causation theory

Variables Proportion (%) Variables Proportion (%)
Point estimation RDS estimation Point estimation RDS estimation
Gender Male 80.7 66.7 Language English 72.68 81.73
Female 19.3 33.3 French 27.31 18.26
Education Illiterate 0.6 2.4 Age 10 to 19 0.5 0.4
Elementary school 3.8 6.6 20 to 29 39.7 38.4
Middle school 19.5 21.2 30 to 39 47.6 44.5
High school 28.3 31.6 40 to 49 10.6 12.3
College and above 47.8 38.2 50 and above 1.6 4.4
Regions of origin East 15.4 10.5 Visa type Tourist 15.7 14
South 14 7.1 Business 75.8 78
West 45.8 69.6 Working 1.7 1.2
Central 24.8 12.9 Student 6.8 6.6
Residence status Legal 65.4 60.7 Length of stay in China (years) 1995 to 2007 18.1 21.2
Illegal 34.6 39.3 2008 to 2009 28.2 30.3
2010 to 2011 53.5 48.5