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Table 3 Mean years of schooling by living arrangement and gender

From: Sibling sex composition, intrahousehold resource allocation, and educational attainment in China

  Not living with father (mother) Living with father (mother) Difference
Male 8.71 8.99 −0.29*
Female 7.27 8.31 −1.04***
Difference 1.44*** 0.69**  
  1. *p < 0.1; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01.