From: The informal power configuration of local government and economic development policy in China
Model 1 | Model 2 | Model 3 | Model 4 | |
---|---|---|---|---|
Annual growth rate of per capita industrial output value from 1978-1998 (%) | Annual growth rate of per capita industrial output value from 1952-1998 (%) | Ln (per capita non-state-owned industrial output value in 1998) (yuan) | Ln (per capita non-state- owned and non-foreign-invested industrial output value in 1998) (yuan) | |
Independent variable | ||||
Strength of guerrillas | 2.400^{**} | 1.395^{***} | 0.551^{***} | 0.559^{***} |
(1 = strong, 0 = weak) | (2.11) | (3.15) | (2.95) | (2.95) |
Control variables | ||||
Initial economic conditions | ||||
Ln (per capita industrial output value in 1978) | −2.476^{**} | |||
(−2.46) | ||||
Ln (per capita industrial output value in 1952) | −2.742^{***} | −0.136 | −0.136 | |
(−5.41) | (−0.64) | (−0.64) | ||
Ln (population in 1952) | 3.063^{***} | 1.034^{**} | 0.479^{***} | 0.479^{***} |
(3.15) | (2.48) | (2.77) | (2.73) | |
Ln (number of chinshihs) | 0.037 | 0.128 | 0.063 | 0.063 |
(0.05) | (0.40) | (0.45) | (0.45) | |
Ln (per capita arable land in 1952) | 1.853 | 1.651^{**} | 0.638^{**} | 0.659^{**} |
(1.22) | (2.41) | (2.18) | (2.23) | |
Geographic Factors | ||||
Ln (length of coastline) | 0.214 | 0.114 | 0.0514 | 0.0495 |
(0.82) | (0.94) | (1.01) | (0.95) | |
Ln (average altitude) | −0.600 | −0.499 | −0.197 | −0.202 |
(−0.42) | (−0.89) | (−0.83) | (−0.84) | |
Share of flat ground in total county area (%) | 0.006 | −0.002 | 0.000 | 0.000 |
(0.09) | (−0.09) | (−0.01) | (−0.01) | |
Ln (distance to Shanghai) | −1.484 | −1.268 | −0.501 | −0.415 |
(−0.59) | (−1.20) | (−1.09) | (−0.89) | |
F statistics | 10.26 | 9.31 | 14.57 | 13.00 |
R ^{2} | 0.48 | 0.59 | 0.60 | 0.57 |
OBS | 58 | 58 | 58 | 58 |