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Table 4 Results of OLS regression II

From: The informal power configuration of local government and economic development policy in China

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
  Annual growth rate of per capita industrial output value from 1978–1998 (%) Annual growth rate of per capita industrial output value from 1952–1998 (%) Ln (per Capita non-state- owned industrial output value in 1998) (yuan) Ln (per Capita non-state-owned and non-foreign-invested industrial output value in 1998) (yuan)
Independent variables 2.376** 1.445*** 0.573*** 0.575***
 Strength of guerrillas (1 = strong, 0 = weak) (2.08) (3.46) (3.25) (3.20)
 Liberated by guerrillas 0.229 −0.302 −0.127 −0.100
 (1 = yes, 0 = no) (0.18) (−0.52) (−0.52) (−0.40)
 Liberated by field armies −0.365 −0.091 −0.049 −0.033
 (1 = yes, 0 = no) (−0.33) (−0.18) (−0.23) (−0.15)
Control variables     
 Initial economic conditions     
  Ln (per capita industrial output value in 1978) −2.379**    
  (−2.33)    
  Ln (per capita industrial output value in 1952)   −2.738*** −0.134 −0.134
   (−5.28) (−0.61) (−0.62)
  Ln (population in 1952) 2.789** 1.121* 0.510** 0.507**
  (2.08) (1.95) (2.10) (2.05)
  Ln (number of chinshihs) 0.072 0.103 0.053 0.055
  (0.10) (0.31) (0.37) (0.38)
  Ln (per capita arable land in 1952) 1.803 1.622** 0.625** 0.649**
  (1.18) (2.30) (2.07) (2.12)
 Geographic Factors     
  Ln (length of coastline) 0.220 0.105 0.048 0.047
  (0.81) (0.85) (0.92) (0.88)
 Ln (average altitude) −0.412 −0.542 −0.212 −0.215
  (−0.30) (−0.93) (−0.86) (−0.86)
  Share of flat ground in total county area (%) 0.019 −0.005 0.000 0.000
  (0.26) (−0.15) (−0.06) (−0.06)
  Ln (distance to Shanghai) −1.462 −1.195 −0.469 −0.390
  (−0.59) (−1.12) (−1.01) (−0.83)
 F statistics 8.70 8.28 14.41 12.41
R 2 0.48 0.59 0.60 0.58
 OBS 58 58 58 58
  1. Robust t-statistics in parentheses
  2. ***Significant at 1 %; **Significant at 5 %; *Significant at 10 %