From: The informal power configuration of local government and economic development policy in China
Model 1 | Model 2 | Model 3 | Model 4 | |
---|---|---|---|---|
Annual growth rate of per capita industrial output value from 1978–1998 (%) | Annual growth rate of per capita industrial output value from 1952-–1998 (%) | Ln (per capita non-state-owned industrial output value in 1998) (yuan) | Ln (per capita non-state-owned and non-foreign-invested industrial toutput value in 1998) (yuan) | |
Independent variables | ||||
Strong guerrillas and liberated by guerrillas | 1.360 | 0.240 | 0.105 | 0.121 |
(1 = yes, 0 = no) | (0.91) | (0.33) | (0.33) | (0.38) |
Weak guerrillas and liberated by field armies | −1.074 | −0.470 | −0.165 | −0.160 |
(1 = yes, 0 = no) | (−0.96) | (−0.91) | (−0.79) | (−0.74) |
Control variables | ||||
Initial economic conditions | ||||
Ln (per capita industrial output value in 1978) | −1.935^{**} | |||
(−2.17) | ||||
Ln (per capita industrial output value in 1952) | −2.640^{***} | −0.096 | −0.096 | |
(−4.53) | (−0.40) | (−0.40) | ||
Ln (population in 1952) | 2.895^{**} | 1.204^{**} | 0.546^{**} | 0.542^{**} |
(2.23) | (2.07) | (2.26) | (2.20) | |
Ln (number of chinshihs in Ming and Qing Dynasties) | 0.0124 | 0.054 | 0.034 | 0.035 |
(0.02) | (0.16) | (0.23) | (0.24) | |
Ln (per capita arable land in 1952) | 0.873 | 0.960 | 0.358 | 0.373 |
(0.57) | (1.18) | (1.06) | (1.10) | |
Geographic factors | ||||
Ln (length of coastline) | 0.291 | 0.163 | 0.0716 | 0.0703 |
(1.08) | (1.37) | (1.43) | (1.38) | |
Ln (average altitude) | 0.538 | 0.0672 | 0.0321 | 0.0356 |
(0.41) | (0.11) | (0.12) | (0.13) | |
Share of flat ground in total county area (%) | 0.043 | 0.010 | 0.005 | 0.005 |
(0.64) | (0.33) | (0.39) | (0.41) | |
Ln (distance to Shanghai) | −2.335 | −1.887 | −0.759 | −0.684 |
(−0.90) | (−1.59) | (−1.49) | (−1.32) | |
F statistics | 9.96 | 7.43 | 13.76 | 11.91 |
R ^{2} | 0.46 | 0.54 | 0.56 | 0.53 |
OBS | 58 | 58 | 58 | 58 |