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Table 5 Province-level panel analysis of the determinants of collective labor disputes, 1999 to 2011

From: Can the strategy of “mediate first” reduce collective labor disputes?—An empirical test based on province-level panel data from 1999 to 2011

Models (1) (2)
Dependent variables Average involved workers per collective dispute case accepted by arbitration institutions (Ln) Proportion of collective dispute cases accepted by arbitration institutions (Ln)
Explanatory variables   
Mediatory capacity of labor arbitration institutions −0.923* −0.066
  (0.400) (0.444)
Control variables   
Appeal rate of labor arbitration by workers (Ln) −0.298* 0.315*
  (0.134) (0.119)
Ratio of social-security disputes to payment disputes(Ln) 0.076 −0.169*
  (0.078) (0.071)
Expenditures on political and legal affairs per capita (Ln) 0.276 0.061
  (0.295) (0.391)
Coverage of enterprise mediation committees 0.006 0.000
  (0.004) (0.005)
GDP per capita (Ln) 0.043 −1.065
  (0.461) (0.553)
FDI dependency −3.232 11.099**
  (4.150) (4.082)
Scale of urban labor 0.001** −0.000
  (0.000) (0.000)
Marketization of labor −0.112 −0.178
  (1.087) (1.105)
Ratio of employees in secondary industry to those in tertiary industry −0.455 −0.324
  (0.425) (0.440)
Unemployment rate 0.349** −0.035
  (0.114) (0.136)
Ratio of resident population to registered population −2.669 3.977**
  (1.434) (1.515)
Constants 154.539 27.471
  (155.373) (207.752)
Province-fixed effects Yes Yes
Period-fixed effects Yes Yes
Province-specific time trend Yes Yes
Observations 280 280
R-squared 0.500 0.722
  1. Huber-White standard errors in parentheses
  2. *,**,***Denote significance at the 95, 99, and 99.9 % levels, respectively