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Table 2 Faith, donation channels, donation disclosure, and government recognition

From: Capital with beliefs—a study of charitable donations of private business owners in Wenzhou, China

  Donation channels Donation disclosurea Government recognitionb
  Civil administration departments Charitable organizations Religious groups   
Party membership (reference = owners without party membership) 0.366 0.520* 0.223 0.565* 0.553*
(1.51) (2.02) (0.65) (0.262) (0.245)
Religious beliefs (reference = owners with no religious beliefs) −0.743** −0.0915 0.844* 0.145 0.21
(−3.10) (−0.37) (2.33) −0.246 (0.235)
  1. Table presents nonstandardized coefficients and brackets for standard errors. Control variables not presented here include headquarters location, enterprise ownership type, trust in government, and trust in charitable organizations. In the model of donation channels, trust in religious organizations is controlled for. Full tables are available upon request
  2. # P < 0.1;*P < 0.05;**P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001 (two-tailed test)
  3. aDependent variable is “whether enterprises make public donations (1 = yes, 0 = no)”
  4. bDependent variable is “Was the enterprise’s donation rewarded by the government (1 = yes, 0 = no)”