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Table 3 Residence models of elderly in 2010 by percentage

From: Household changes in contemporary China: an analysis based on the four recent censuses

Residence models 1982 1990 2000 2010
65+ 65+ 65+ 80+ 65+ 80+
Elderly living alone 12.2 9.6 9.6 12.4 12.5 17.5
Elderly couple (1-generation nuclear) 13.7 17.1 23.9 11.2 29.2 16.8
Elderly couple and unmarried children (standard nuclear) 6.9 6.6 5 1.7 3.6 1.7
Single elderly and unmarried children (impaired nuclear) 4.6 3.8 3.1 4.6 2.3 3.1
Other 2-generation nuclear (expanded nuclear, etc.) 3.4 2.7 2.3 2.1 2.8 2.0
Elderly and married children (2-generation lineal) 3.5 3.7 5.2 12.3 6.9 13.6
Elderly and grandchildren (generation-skipping) 3.8 3.7 5.2 6.2 5.6 5.0
Elderly, children and grandchildren (3-generation lineal) 47.2 47.4 41.1 38.0 32.8 30.0
Other expanded household 3.8 4.8 3.6 10.9 3.2 8.4
Sum of single elderly and elderly couple households 25.9 26.7 33.5 23.6 41.7 34.3
Sum of elderly living with children 73.2 72.7 62.2 75.8 57.2 63.8
  1. “65+” refers to age 65 and above; “80+” refers to age 80 and above. Source: sampling data from 1982–2010 censuses. “Elderly couple” refers to couples in which both are elderly people, as well as couples with one elderly person