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Table 5 Models of status discordance ruling out the ceiling effect China 2003–2012

From: Discordance between subjective and objective social status in contemporary China

  OLS 3 HLM 3
Schooling years (SY) −0.0294*** (0.0070) −0.0324*** (0.0070)
Household income (HI) −0.0921*** (0.0266) −0.0857*** (0.0253)
Occupation (ISEI) −0.0130*** (0.0010) −0.0127*** (0.0011)
Perceived mobility     
Upward mobility (UM) 0.281*** (0.0320) 0.278*** (0.0319)
Downward mobility (DM) −0.260*** (0.0350) −0.265*** (0.0343)
SY# urban residents −0.0253*** (0.0074) −0.0232*** (0.0077)
HI# urban residents 0.0941*** (0.0198) 0.0851*** (0.0205)
ISEI# urban residents 0.0126*** (0.0012) 0.0116*** (0.0011)
UM# urban residents −0.0214 (0.0384) −0.0231 (0.0380)
DM# urban residents 0.125*** (0.0330) 0.127*** (0.0323)
Other controls Yes Yes
Observations 39,346   39,346  
  1. (1) Estimations are based on weighted data; robust standard errors adjusted for clustering on provinces are shown in parentheses in OLS models. (2) Reference categories: female, non-CCP membership, married, employed, no mobility; project CSS; year 2003; Beijing
  2. ***p < 0.01