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Table 4 Factors affecting police trust: generalized ordinal logistic regression (Gologit)

From: The impact of Chinese political efficacy and political participation on their trust in the police

  First group 1 vs 2–5 Second group 1–2 vs 3–5 Third group 1–3 vs 4–5 Fourth group 1–4 vs 5
Controlled variables     
 Gender (male =1) 0.834 0.910 0.918 1.021
 Age 1.001 1.004 1.005 1.011
 Education 0.978 0.953 0.893 0.826
 Registered residence (village =1) 1.207 1.219 1.428 1.459
 Religious or not (religious =1) 1.611 1.079 1.252 0.911
 Han nationality or not (Han =1) 0.651 0.809 0.686 0.732
 Universal trust 1.912 1.848 1.779 1.399
 Special trust 0.993 1.120 1.269 1.525
 Class mobility 1.036 1.033 1.054 1.014
 Social justice 2.099 1.599 1.452 1.357
Predictive variables     
 Political efficacy     
  External efficacy 1.506 1.512 1.407 1.351
  Internal efficacy 0.764 0.853 0.873 0.828
 Political participation     
  Rightful resistance 0.926 0.932 0.948 0.996
  Community participation 0.896 0.915 0.991 0.996
  Grassroots election participation 1.431 1.233 1.290 1.272
   Hukou × grassroots election participation 0.910 0.895 0.801 0.796
N 9985
Log-likelihood −11,735.937
Pseudo R 2 0.1062
  1. Notes: odd ratio has been listed in the table
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  3. 1 =not trust at all
  4. 2 =somewhat not trust
  5. 3 =between not trust and trust
  6. 4 =somewhat trust
  7. 5 =completely trust