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Table 2 Multilevel model estimates of the relationship between socioeconomic status and health

From: A study of the influential factors for health inequality

  Physical functional status Depressive symptoms Self-rated health
Fixed effects    
 Intercept 20.306*** (.200) 15.582*** (.209) −1.089*** (.069)
 Female (male) 1.362*** (.148) 1.933*** (.138) .437*** (.059)
 Separated (married) −.292 (.257) .647*** (.239) −.039 (.102)
 Widowed (married) .317* (.188) 1.203*** (.175) −.158** (.072)
 Quit (never smoking) 1.216*** (.219) .524*** (.203) .525*** (.083)
 Always smoking (never smoking) −.452*** (.157) .069 (.146) −.045 (.063)
 Age (centered by 60) .218*** (.008) .044*** (.007) .026*** (.003)
 Medium SES (low SES) −1.032*** (.161) −1.025*** (.156) −.384*** (.060)
 High SES (low SES) −1.512*** (.254) −2.469*** (.248) −.649*** (.112)
 County income level (centered by mean) −.168*** (.055) −.353*** (.058) −.095*** (.017)
 Age × medium SES −.058*** (.014) .005 (.013) .009 (.006)
 Age × high SES −.075*** (.018) −.022 (.017) −.0003 (.008)
 County income level × medium SES .084 (.057) .138** (.056) .059*** (.020)
 County income level × high SES .135** (.066) .283*** (.065) .067*** (.025)
Random effects    
 Level 2 (county level)    
  Variance (intercept) 2.192 3.112 .131
  Covariance (intercept, medium SES) −1.288 −1.248 −.002
  Variance (medium SES) .757 .855 .034
  Covariance (intercept, high SES) −1.552 −1.913 −.078
  Covariance (medium SES, high SES) .912 1.094 .045
  Variance (high SES) 1.098 1.478 .103
 Level 1 (individual)    
  Variance 34.016 29.183 1.000
  1. *p < 0.1; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01