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Table 2 Direct effect, indirect effect, and total effect of medical costs and health level

From: The reform of the medical welfare system and health equity for the elderly in China: a study in Zhejiang

Outcome variables Determinants Direct effects Indirect effects Total effects
Log of healthcare expenditures BMIE 0.137 −0.043 0.094
UBMIR 0.047 −0.015 0.033
  NRCMS 0 −0.022 −0.022
  Age 0 0.052 0.052
  Education 0.110 −0.034 0.076
  Household income 0.033 −0.010 0.023
  Number of chronic diseases 0 0.197 0.197
  Log of healthcare expenditures 0 −0.312 −0.312
  Self-reported health status −0.516 0.161 −0.355
Self-reported health status BMIE 0 0.083 0.083
  UBMIR 0 0.029 0.029
  NRCMS 0.062 −0.019 0.042
  Age −0.145 0.045 −0.100
  Education 0 0.067 0.067
  Household income 0 0.020 0.020
  Number of chronic diseases −0.556 0.174 −0.382
  Log of healthcare expenditures 0.881 −0.275 0.606
  Self-reported health status 0 −0.312 −0.312