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Table 3 Reconstruction of a theoretical framework of the outcome-based health equity

From: The reform of the medical welfare system and health equity for the elderly in China: a study in Zhejiang


Previous definition

Definition in this study

Right-based equity

Opportunity equity

Process and outcome equity

Equal opportunity for insurance participation; freely choose the level of premiums and healthcare institutions

Being treated equally in the process of healthcare services; equal outcomes for health status

Need-based equity

Reimbursements of healthcare expenditures

Reimbursements of healthcare expenditures and long-term care costs

Different social groups participated in the different insurance plans; complementary medical insurance for serious illnesses; medical assistance

Universal medical insurance: equal needs receive equal benefits; home-and-community-based long-term care services