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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of variables

From: “Lost at the starting line”: a reconsideration of educational inequality in China, 1978–2008

Variable Transition between primary and junior high school Transition between junior high and senior high school Transition between senior high school and universities
Mean Standard deviation Mean Standard deviation Mean Standard deviation
Did not enroll 0.155 0.362 0.421 0.494 0.692 0.462
Grade of school       
 Nonkey junior high school 0.770 0.421
 Key junior high school 0.075 0.263
 Vocational senior high school 0.140 0.347
 Nonkey senior high school 0.318 0.466
 Key senior high school 0.120 0.326
College 0.178 0.382
 Nonkey university 0.088 0.283
 Key university 0.042 0.201
Year of enrollment (1978–1991 = 0) 0.342 0.475 0.451 0.498 0.598 0.490
Father’s IESI when respondent was 14 years old (divided by 10) 3.134 2.008 3.320 2.070 3.804 2.125
Years of parent’s education 7.713 4.293 8.055 4.240 9.012 4.158
Residence at the age of 14       
 Rural area 0.556 0.497 0.502 0.500 0.338 0.473
 Town 0.150 0.357 0.164 0.371 0.198 0.399
 City 0.152 0.359 0.170 0.376 0.222 0.416
 Provincial capital 0.141 0.348 0.162 0.369 0.240 0.427
Ethnicity (Han = 0) 0.079 0.269 0.062 0.241 0.060 0.237
Sex (male = 0) 0.529 0.499 0.506 0.500 0.476 0.500
Number of siblings 2.288 1.776 2.197 1.745 1.858 1.616
Grade in school before enrollment       
 Nonkey junior high school   0.913 0.282   
 Key junior high school 0.087 0.282
 Vocational senior high school 0.263 0.440
 Nonkey senior high school 0.544 0.498
 Key senior high school 0.193 0.395
Sample size for analysis 2587 2465 1502