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Table 5 Coal dependence and various government expenditures in Shanxi Province (continued, 2007)

From: Natural resources, rent dependence, and public goods provision in China: evidence from Shanxi’s county-level governments

  Share of education expenditures Share of social security and healthcare expenditures Share of environmental protection expenditures
(5) OLS (6) 2SLS (7) OLS (8) 2SLS (9) OLS (10) 2SLS
Coal Dependence Index −0.017 −0.025** −0.035** −0.034** −0.080** −0.083**
(0.012) (0.012) (0.016) (0.017) (0.037) (0.037)
GDP per capita 0.040 0.042 0.026 0.073 0.051 0.071
(0.042) (0.041) (0.081) (0.083) (0.142) (0.141)
Transfer decency 0.096* 0.089* 0.273** 0.307** −0.132 −0.122
(0.057) (0.050) (0.114) (0.125) (0.089) (0.086)
Ratio of urbanization −0.230*** −0.227*** −0.120 −0.088 0.312 0.300
(0.068) (0.064) (0.120) (0.119) (0.253) (0.244)
Total population 0.243*** 0.239*** 0.170*** 0.169*** −0.598*** −0.600***
(0.034) (0.033) (0.051) (0.050) (0.115) (0.112)
Land area 0.035 0.046 0.033 0.046 0.293** 0.305**
(0.046) (0.044) (0.059) (0.056) (0.140) (0.139)
County-level city 0.134* 0.130* 0.026 0.050 0.109 0.116
(0.079) (0.075) (0.098) (0.096) (0.253) (0.242)
Number of students 0.244** 0.240**     
(0.120) (0.115)     
Number of hospital beds    0.144** 0.139**   
   (0.064) (0.061)   
Constant −1.872 −1.863 −1.534 −2.071 5.910** 5.671**
(1.192) (1.123) (1.504) (1.537) (2.290) (2.242)
R square 0.4801 0.4774 0.3692 0.3649 0.2989 0.2987
Hansen J test p value   0.5686   0.7686   0.0642
Cragg-Donald Wald F   257.339   256.269   253.652
Hausman specification P   0.0464   0.0364   0.8909
  1. Note:(1) N = 96. Except for the administrative level dummy, all variables are in logarithms. Numbers in table are unstandardized coefficients. White’s heteroscedasticity-robust standard errors are in parentheses below the coefficients
  2. (2) *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01