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Table 2 Summary of OLS regression models of the impact of having sons on parental gender ideology (N = 8339)

From: Are mothers of sons more traditional? The influence of having son(s) and daughter(s) on parents’ gender ideology

Variables Model 4 Model 5
B SE B SE
Gender (male = 0) −0.121*** 0.015 −0.188*** 0.029
Age 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001
Age-squared 0.000*** 0.000 0.000*** 0.000
Ethnicity 0.027 0.027 0.026 0.027
Type of Hukou −0.106*** 0.019 −0.107*** 0.019
Communist party membership −0.104*** 0.024 −0.106*** 0.024
Religious belief −0.042 0.031 −0.042 0.031
Frequency of participation in religious activities 0.013 0.007 0.013 0.007
Level of education (Elementary school or below = 0)     
 Secondary school −0.163*** 0.019 −0.161*** 0.019
 High school −0.214*** 0.024 −0.212*** 0.024
 College and above −0.234*** 0.033 −0.232*** 0.033
Frequency of internet usage −0.017** 0.007 −0.018** 0.007
Working status 0.014 0.019 0.013 0.019
Income −0.011*** 0.003 −0.011*** 0.003
Education level of father −0.002 0.004 −0.002 0.004
Education level of mother −0.003 0.006 −0.003 0.006
Number of children 0.025** 0.008 0.025** 0.008
Having sons 0.012 0.017 −0.031 0.024
Female × having sons    0.089** 0.033
Constant 3.140*** 0.052 3.175*** 0.053
Adjusted R2 0.083   0.084  
F 42.81   40.97  
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001