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Table 1 Measures of variables

From: Domestic migration, home rentals, and crime rates in China

Variablesd Notes Expected influencec
Dependent variables
 arre Arrest rate (according to that approved by procuratorates)(persons/100,000 population)  
 pros Prosecution rate (according to procuratorates)(persons/100,000 population)  
Independent variables
 migr Domestic immigrants/total regional population (decimal form) +
 rent Rental households/all households (decimal form) +
 edu Average education for population above 6 years old (years)
 unwra Population able to work yet do not work among those aged 16 or above/total regional population +
 hc Retired and self-home-caring population among those aged 16 or above/total regional population (decimal form)
 youth Population aged 15–29/total regional population (decimal form) +
 sex Number of males/number of females (aged 15–29) (decimal form) +
 urban Population living in urban areas/total regional population (decimal form) /
 pgdp Per capita GDP (10,000 yuan) +
 pgexb Per capita general budget expenditure of a regional fiscal year (1,000 yuan) /
  1. aIncludes unemployment from four sources: unemployment since graduating from college, unemployment attributed to employer, unemployment attributed to personal reasons, and unemployment attributed to the expropriation of agricultural land
  2. bCan be the proxy for legal spending, which measures the scope of regional crime control and their gross effect
  3. c“+”, positive; “−”, negative; “/” indicates that the direction of a relationship is uncertain
  4. d“arre”, arrest rate; “pros”, prosecution rate; “migr”, domestic immigration rate; “rent”, rental household rate; “edu”, education level; “unwr”, unworked rate; “hc”, home-caring population rate; “youth”, young population rate; “sex”, sex ratio; “urban”, urban population ratio; “pgdp”, per capita GDP; “pgex”, per capita general expenditure