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Table 4 Comparison of intermarriage data in the 2000 and 2010 censuses

From: The recent trend of ethnic intermarriage in China: an analysis based on the census data

Ethnic status of household head Year Number of household head Household head (%) Ethnic status of the spouses of household heads (%)
Han 2000 231,795,173 100.000 Han Manchu Mongol Zhuang Tujia Yi Miao Hui Buyi Yao Dong
98.322 0.421 0.228 0.207 0.133 0.121 0.116 0.096 0.042 0.041 0.038
2010 262,632,221 100.000 Han Manchu Zhuang Mongol Miao Tujia Yi Hui Yao Buyi Dong
98.512 0.341 0.190 0.185 0.166 0.118 0.118 0.089 0.040 0.039 0.036
Zhuang 2000 2,974,022 100.000 Zhuang Han Yao Miao Yi Dong Mulao Maonan Hui Dai Li
87.974 9.972 0.929 0.213 0.162 0.153 0.197 0.118 0.034 0.026 0.025
2010 3,136,624 100.000 Zhuang Han Yao Miao Mulao Yi Dong Maonan Hui Li Dai
86.758 11.037 0.974 0.255 0.191 0.174 0.169 0.119 0.024 0.023 0.022
Manchu 2000 2,536,153 100.000 Manchu Han Mongol Xibo Korean Hui Dahur Zhuang Yi Miao Tujia
54.751 43.312 1.319 0.212 0.120 0.109 0.033 0.033 0.018 0.018 0.014
2010 2,432,975 100.000 Manchu Han Mongol Xibo Hui Korean Zhuang Miao Dahur Yi Tujia
52.947 44.795 1.551 0.216 0.142 0.118 0.041 0.036 0.032 0.019 0.016
Hui 2000 1,955,084 100.000 Hui Han Dongxiang Manchu Yi Mongol Uyghur Tibetan Sala Miao Zhuang
86.200 12.211 0.516 0.168 0.092 0.090 0.087 0.080 0.078 0.056 0.054
2010 2,204,190 100.000 Hui Han Dongxiang Manchu Mongol Yi Sala Tibetan Uyghur Miao Zhuang
86.244 12.071 0.617 0.177 0.094 0.091 0.091 0.068 0.066 0.054 0.044
Miao 2000 1,685,203 100.000 Miao Han Tujia Dong Gelao Buyi Shui Zhuang Yi Yao Bai
77.752 12.592 4.789 1.962 0.847 0.737 0.278 0.247 0.186 0.121 0.089
2010 1,662,791 100.000 Miao Han Tujia Dong Buyi Gelao Zhuang Shui Yi Yao Bai
77.966 13.430 4.025 1.821 0.722 0.614 0.296 0.234 0.196 0.138 0.116
Uyghur 2000 1,537,519 100.000 Uyghur Han Hui Kazak Uzbek Tujia Miao Kyrgyz Zhuang Tibetan Mongol
99.104 0.561 0.078 0.077 0.032 0.025 0.023 0.019 0.016 0.013 0.013
2010 1,887,722 100.000 Uyghur Han Kazak Hui Uzbek Kyrgyz Zhuang Mongol Tujia Tibetan Miao
99.556 0.204 0.091 0.055 0.024 0.021 0.014 0.005 0.002 0.001 0.001
Yi 2000 1,452,777 100.000 Yi Han Hani Bai Miao Dai Zhuang Lahu Buyi Lisu Hui
82.789 14.066 0.648 0.414 0.395 0.316 0.280 0.235 0.127 0.124 0.110
2010 1,538,778 100.000 Yi Han Hani Miao Bai Dai Zhuang Lahu Lisu Buyi Hui
81.351 15.241 0.767 0.418 0.402 0.360 0.291 0.249 0.146 0.120 0.117
Tujia 2000 1,626,828 100.000 Tujia Han Miao Dong Gelao Bai Hui Mongol Yao Uyghur Buyi
75.264 18.469 4.644 0.625 0.370 0.359 0.054 0.042 0.039 0.021 0.020
2010 1,570,525 100.000 Tujia Han Miao Dong Bai Gelao Hui Buyi Yao Mongol Yi
74.042 20.271 4.092 0.575 0.326 0.315 0.057 0.048 0.045 0.037 0.021
Mongol 2000 1,139,671 100.000 Mongol Han Manchu Hui Daur Tibetan Tujia Yi Miao Ewenke Xibo
62.788 33.537 2.688 0.151 0.130 0.115 0.072 0.064 0.063 0.0 52 0.048
2010 1,264,780 100.000 Mongol Han Manchu Hui Daur Tibetan Tujia Ewenke Yi Xibo Miao
61.863 34.497 2.746 0.138 0.125 0.122 0.061 0.0 56 0.050 0.047 0.046
Tibetan 2000 715,590 100.000 Tibetan Han Tu Qiang Mongol Hui Naxi Uyghur Yi Zhuang Miao
93.540 5.298 0.236 0.164 0.154 0.147 0.105 0.037 0.041 0.037 0.032
2010 838,012 100.000 Tibetan Han Tu Qiang Mongol Hui Naxi Yi Manchu Lisu Kazak
93.775 5.074 0.245 0.180 0.145 0.128 0.113 0.048 0.046 0.045 0.041
Dong 2000 574,728 100.000 Dong Han Miao Tujia Zhuang Yao Shui Gelao Buyi Hui Mongol
74.989 14.873 6.293 1.820 0.575 0.237 0.215 0.545 0.172 0.051 0.046
2010 536,524 100.000 Dong Han Miao Tujia Zhuang Gelao Yao Buyi Shui Hui Yi
72.839 16.869 6.312 1.666 0.734 0.495 0.260 0.240 0.208 0.080 0.059
Buyi 2000 545,881 100.000 Buyi Han Miao Shui Zhuang Yi Dong Maonan Gelao Hui Li
81.753 12.555 2.586 1.007 0.470 0.323 0.150 0.125 0.106 0.096 0.088
2010 500,595 100.000 Buyi Han Miao Shui Zhuang Yi Li Dong Maonan Gelao Hui
78.788 15.248 2.666 0.967 0.464 0.367 0.200 0.190 0.134 0.125 0.103
Yao 2000 465,769 100.000 Yao Han Zhuang Miao Dong Tujia Yi Mulao Buyi Shui Maonan
74.281 18.818 5.251 0.539 0.319 0.144 0.104 0.080 0.079 0.061 0.051
2010 479,531 100.000 Yao Han Zhuang Miao Dong Tujia Yi Mulao Buyi Shui Maonan
71.458 21.124 5.650 0.573 0.305 0.153 0.136 0.088 0.079 0.050 0.044
Korean 2000 435,954 100.000 Korean Han Manchu Mongol Tujia Hui Hani Dong Zhuang Miao Xibo
92.686 6.564 0.482 0.071 0.067 0.028 0.020 0.012 0.011 0.009 0.005
2010 368,145 100.000 Korean Han Manchu Mongol Hui Tujia Zhuang Miao Xibo Dahur Yi
90.130 8.815 0.742 0.124 0.049 0.046 0.017 0.015 0.010 0.008 0.008
Bai   357,775 100.000 Bai Han Yi Tujia Lisu Naxi Miao * Hui Hani Dai
2000 73.920 18.476 2.358 1.646 0.759 0.550 0.516 0.446 0.202 0.192 0.166
  370,985 100.000 Bai Han Yi Tujia Lisu Miao Naxi * Hui Hani Dai
2010 72.248 20.002 2.311 1.405 0.892 0.607 0.556 0.307 0.286 0.223 0.212
Hani 2000 260,537 100.000 Hani Han Yi Dai Lahu Bai Hui Wa Miao Bulang Yao
88.405 6.808 2.984 0.640 0.479 0.138 0.073 0.066 0.065 0.058 0.049
2010 293,233 100.000 Hani Han Yi Dai Lahu Bai Wa Bulang Yao Hui Miao
86.449 8.228 3.194 0.728 0.600 0.165 0.103 0.090 0.087 0.084 0.071
Kazak 2000 207,757 100.000 Kazak Uyghur Hui Kyrgyz Tatar Han Uzbek Manchu Yi Dong Mongol
97.700 1.245 0.336 0.194 0.132 0.126 0.099 0.036 0.030 0.023 0.017
2010 282,826 100.000 Kazak Han Uyghur Hui Tibetan Kyrgyz Miao Tatar Uzbek Zhuang Mongol
95.960 2.338 0.745 0.277 0.161 0.099 0.055 0.052 0.048 0.041 0.030
Li 2000 196,458 100.000 Li Han Miao Buyi Zhuang Yi Hui Yao Tujia Gelao Dong
90.670 8.032 0.381 0.297 0.287 0.065 0.041 0.036 0.034 0.020 0.017
2010 245,461 100.000 Li Han Buyi Miao Zhuang Yi Mongol Gelao Dai Tujia Yao
84.696 12.864 0.592 0.565 0.287 0.278 0.120 0.092 0.067 0.051 0.046
Dai 2000 213,483 100.000 Dai Han Yi Hani Lahu Zhuang Bai Wa Achang Miao Yao
81.262 12.791 2.570 1.026 0.545 0.348 0.280 0.222 0.142 0.075 0.045
2010 228,471 100.000 Dai Han Yi Hani Lahu Zhuang Bai Wa Jingpo Lisu Achang
78.089 14.831 2.966 1.296 0.586 0.336 0.296 0.281 0.180 0.174 0.163
  1. Source: Department of Population, Social and Technology statistics, National Bureau of Statistics & Economic Development Division, State Ethnic Affairs Commission, 2003: 302–41, 2013: 503–622
  2. aDoes not belong to any ethnic groups. In the 2010 census, there were 640,101 persons (0.048% of China’s total population) in this