From: The social bases of a committed labor force: how guanxi works in the Chinese factories?
Ties with owner^{*} Internal labor market |
Ties with mid-level managers^{*} Internal labor market |
Ties with lower-level supervisors^{*} Internal labor market | |||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Model 2: with the owner | Model 2.1: direct effect of ILM | Model 2.2: moderating effect of ILM | Model 3 with mid-level manager | Model 3.1: direct effect of ILM | Model 3.2: moderating effect of ILM | Model 4 with lower-level supervisor | Model 4.1: direct effect of ILM | Model 4.2: moderating effect of ILM | |
Fixed effect | Coef. | Coef. | Coef. | Coef. | Coef. | Coef. | Coef. | Coef. | Coef. |
Native-place tie | |||||||||
With owner (no such tie as ref.) | |||||||||
Not-so-close, bc_2 | − .503^{**} | − .523^{***} | 1.837^{**} | ||||||
Close, bc_3 | 0.529 | 0.382 | 3.714^{***} | ||||||
With mid-level manager (no such tie as ref.) | |||||||||
Not-so-close, mc_2 | − .211 | − .247^{*} | .511 | ||||||
Close, mc_3 | .440^{*} | .389^{**} | 2.039^{**} | ||||||
With lower-level supervisor (no such tie as ref.) | |||||||||
Not-so-close, tlc_2 | − .168 | − .178 | .047 | ||||||
Close, tlc_3 | .104 | .030 | 1.354^{**} | ||||||
Openness of internal labor market (ILM) | 2.287^{***} | 2.564^{***} | 2.278^{***} | 2.475^{***} | 2.263^{***} | 2.474^{***} | |||
Interaction | |||||||||
ILM * bc | |||||||||
ILM * bc_2 | − 2.485^{***} | ||||||||
ILM * bc_3 | − 3.952^{***} | ||||||||
ILM * mc | |||||||||
ILM * mc_2 | − .883 | ||||||||
ILM * mc_3 | − 1.931^{**} | ||||||||
ILM * tlc | |||||||||
ILM * tlc_2 | − .260 | ||||||||
ILM * tlc_3 | − 1.547^{**} | ||||||||
Controls (individual-level) | – | – | – | – | – | – | – | – | – |
Controls (group-level) | – | – | – | – | – | – | – | – | – |
Intercept | 3.177^{***} | 1.515 | 1.235 | 3.011^{***} | 1.445 | 1.275 | 3.120^{***} | 1.500 | 1.359 |
Random effect | Sd. | Sd. | Sd. | Sd. | Sd. | Sd. | Sd. | Sd. | Sd. |
Level-2 effect | 1.763 | 1.689 | 1.693 | 1.828 | 1.695 | 1.696 | 1.812 | 1.702 | 1.700 |
Level-1 effect | 2.929 | 2.959 | 2.954 | 2.915 | 2.960 | 2.958 | 2.929 | 2.961 | 2.960 |
Deviance | 25,791.3 | 25,793.6 | 25,780.8 | 25,782.1 | 25,798.4 | 25,793.9 | 25,803.4 | 25,806.2 | 25,801.8 |
Level-2 observation | 282 | 282 | 282 | 282 | 282 | 282 | 282 | 282 | 282 |
Level-1 observation | 5046 | 5046 | 5046 | 5046 | 5046 | 5046 | 5046 | 5046 | 5046 |