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Table 1 Description of variables

From: Housing inequality in urban China: the heritage of socialist institutional arrangements

  Frequency Percent (all cases) Percent (families who own housing)
Home ownership
 Housing is owned (I) 14,396 79.32
 Housing is not owned (II) 3754 20.68
 Total 18,150 100.0
Classified type of housing
 Commercial apartment (I-a) 5647 31.11 39.23
 Middle- and low-price commercial apartments (I-b) 1473 8.12 10.23
 Housing obtained during housing reform (I-c) 7276 40.09 50.54
 Total 100.00
 Public house rental (II-a) 1824 10.05  
 Original private house (II-b) 421 2.32
 Private house rental (II-c) 550 3.03
 Other housing not owned (II-d) 959 5.28
 Total 18,150 100.0  
  Mean Std. deviation Valid N
Living area (per capita) 28.92 19.67 18,150
Householder’s education 12.58 3.00 18,150
Householder’s age 43.14 9.43 18,150
Family income (10 thousand) 4.804 5.47 18,150
Family income per capita (10 thousand) 1.83 2.13 18,150
  Frequency Percent  
Household head’s work unit
 Government/party organization 1305 7.19  
 Public institution 2509 13.82  
 State-owned enterprise 5800 31.96  
 Collectively owned enterprises 1145 6.31  
 Private enterprises 4481 24.69  
 Self-employed laborer 1342 7.39  
 Unemployed 1568 8.64  
 Total 18,150 100.00  
Housing subsidies
 One-time subsidy 2128 11.72  
 Monthly housing subsidies 1377 7.59  
 No subsidies 14,645 80.69  
 Total 18,150 100.00  
Family structure
 3 generations in household 1549 8.53  
 2 generations in household 12,379 68.20  
 1 generation (couple) in household 2692 14.83  
 Other type 142 0.78  
 1 person household 1388 7.65  
 Total 18,150 100.00