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Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression results of housing type (dependent variable: type of home ownership; reference category: not owned)

From: Housing inequality in urban China: the heritage of socialist institutional arrangements

  Owned: commercial apartment Owned: middle/low price commercial apartment Owned: housing obtained during housing reform
Intercept − 0.89***
(0.20)
1.58***
(0.28)
− 3.62***
(0.20)
Householder’s age − 0.03***
(0.00)
− 0.02***
(0.00)
0.05***
(0.00)
Householder’s education 0.15***
(0.01)
− 0.09***
(0.01)
0.09***
(0.01)
Family income per capita (10 thousand) 0.28***
(0.02)
− 0.4***
(0.05)
0.10***
(0.02)
Housing subsidies
 One-time subsidy 0.97***
(0.09)
0.37*
(0.15)
0.84***
(0.09)
 Monthly subsidies 0.32***
(0.09)
− 0.02
(0.16)
0.03
(0.09)
 None (ref.)
Family structure
 3 generations in hh 0.59***
(0.10)
0.10
(0.13)
0.63***
(0.10)
 2 generations in hh 0.24***
(0.07)
− 0.04
(0.09)
0.48***
(0.06)
 1 person hh − 1.11***
(0.09)
− 0.58
(0.14)
− 0.43***
(0.09)
 Other type − 1.98***
(0.26)
− 1.33
(0.37)
− 0.65**
(0.23)
1 generation (couple) in hh (ref.)
Householder’s work unit
 Government/party organization − 0.05
(0.11)
− 0.15
(0.20)
0.47***
(0.11)
 Public institution − 0.22**
(0.08)
− 0.24+
(0.14)
0.56***
(0.08)
 State-owned enterprise − 0.13***
(0.06)
− 0.62***
(0.09)
0.65***
(0.06)
 Collectively owned enterprise − 0.37***
(0.10)
− 0.44***
(0.13)
0.10
(0.09)
 Self-employed laborer 0.45***
(0.08)
− 0.06***
(0.11)
− 0.54***
(0.10)
 Unemployed − 0.50***
(0.09)
− 0.47***
(0.10)
− 0.39***
(0.08)
 Private/other enterprise (ref.)    
N 18,150
− 2 Log likelihood 37,152.01
Nagelkerke R square 0.296
  1. Note: + p < .10, *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001