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Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression results of housing type (dependent variable: type of home ownership; reference category: not owned)

From: Housing inequality in urban China: the heritage of socialist institutional arrangements

  Owned: commercial apartment Owned: middle/low price commercial apartment Owned: housing obtained during housing reform
Intercept − 0.89*** (0.20) 1.58*** (0.28) − 3.62*** (0.20)
Householder’s age − 0.03*** (0.00) − 0.02*** (0.00) 0.05*** (0.00)
Householder’s education 0.15*** (0.01) − 0.09*** (0.01) 0.09*** (0.01)
Family income per capita (10 thousand) 0.28*** (0.02) − 0.4*** (0.05) 0.10*** (0.02)
Housing subsidies
 One-time subsidy 0.97*** (0.09) 0.37* (0.15) 0.84*** (0.09)
 Monthly subsidies 0.32*** (0.09) − 0.02 (0.16) 0.03 (0.09)
 None (ref.)
Family structure
 3 generations in hh 0.59*** (0.10) 0.10 (0.13) 0.63*** (0.10)
 2 generations in hh 0.24*** (0.07) − 0.04 (0.09) 0.48*** (0.06)
 1 person hh − 1.11*** (0.09) − 0.58 (0.14) − 0.43*** (0.09)
 Other type − 1.98*** (0.26) − 1.33 (0.37) − 0.65** (0.23)
1 generation (couple) in hh (ref.)
Householder’s work unit
 Government/party organization − 0.05 (0.11) − 0.15 (0.20) 0.47*** (0.11)
 Public institution − 0.22** (0.08) − 0.24+ (0.14) 0.56*** (0.08)
 State-owned enterprise − 0.13*** (0.06) − 0.62*** (0.09) 0.65*** (0.06)
 Collectively owned enterprise − 0.37*** (0.10) − 0.44*** (0.13) 0.10 (0.09)
 Self-employed laborer 0.45*** (0.08) − 0.06*** (0.11) − 0.54*** (0.10)
 Unemployed − 0.50*** (0.09) − 0.47*** (0.10) − 0.39*** (0.08)
 Private/other enterprise (ref.)    
N 18,150
− 2 Log likelihood 37,152.01
Nagelkerke R square 0.296
  1. Note: + p < .10, *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001