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Table 2 The multiple regression analysis of the children’s benchmark test scores

From: How does family background affect children’s educational achievement? Evidence from Contemporary China

  Model1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Urban (control group: rural) .775*** (.147) .247 (.155) .108 (.159) .083 (.158) .114 (.158)
Parental education years   .139*** (.018) .120*** (.018) .116*** (.018) .118*** (.018)
Log of family per capita income   .290*** (.076) .270*** (.076) .251*** (.076) .260*** (.075)
Score of parental educational participation    .283*** (.083) .250*** (.082) .219*** (.083)
Whether attended tutorial class    .456** (.210) .461** (.209) .462** (.208)
Score of school evaluation     .641*** (.110) .565*** (.112)
Score of children’s effort      .377*** (.106)
Constant 4.921*** (1.436) 1.489 (1.544) .828 (1.563) −1.046 (1.587) −2.193 (1.616)
Other controls Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
R square .573 .587 .589 .595 .596
Sample size 2750 2750 2750 2750 2750
  1. (1) SE is reported in brackets. (2) *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01. (3) Other control variables include gender, grade, ethnicity, and province dummy variables