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Table 3 The effect of family SES on mediators

From: How does family background affect children’s educational achievement? Evidence from Contemporary China

  Parental participation Whether tutorial class School quality Child’s effort
City (control group: rural) .228*** (.036) 1.541*** (.160) .049* (.027) −.083*** (.028)
Parent educational years .050*** (.004) .136*** (.022) .010*** (.003) −.006* (.003)
Log of family income per capita .009 (.018) .393*** (.084) .029** (.013) −.023* (.014)
Parent educational participation     .081*** (.015)
Evaluation of school     .201*** (.020)
constant 3.006*** (.358) − 8.075*** (1.389) 3.084*** (.268) 3.042*** (.285)
Other controls Yes Yes Yes Yes
R square/adjusted R square .178 .280 .060 .111
Sample size 2750 2750 2750 2750
  1. (1) SE is reported in brackets. (2) *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01. (3) Other control variables include gender, grade, ethnicity, and province dummy variables