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Table 6 The path coefficients of family SES affecting children’s academic achievement (N = 2750)

From: How does family background affect children’s educational achievement? Evidence from Contemporary China

  Education participation School quality Educational services Learning behaviors Academic achievement Baseline test score Score ranking
Family social economic status(FSES) .451*** (.032) .110*** (.025) .577*** (.032) −.151*** (.033) .241*** (.049)   
Educational participation of parents (P_Part)     .213*** (.036) .185*** (.039)   
School quality (School)     .262*** (.027) .159*** (.030)   
Educational services (Tutor)      .103** (.042)   
Learning behaviors (Effort)      .295*** (.038)   
Academic achievement (Grade)       .580*** (.038) .826*** (.57)
R square of the structural equation model (%) 20.3 1.2 33.3 10.4 34.4 33.6 68.3
R square of the reduced equation (%) 20.3 1.2 33.3 .1 15.5 5.2 10.6
  1. (1) Independent variables are listed in the row, and the dependent variables are listed in the column. (2) SEs are reported in brackets. (3) *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01