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Table 7 The standardized total effects of various factors on children’s academic achievement (N = 2750)

From: How does family background affect children’s educational achievement? Evidence from Contemporary China

  Education participation School quality Educational services Learning behaviors Academic achievement Baseline test score Score ranking
  .451*** (.032) .110*** (.025) .577*** (.032) − .026 (.027) .394*** (.038) .228*** (.025) .325*** (.026)
Family social economic status(FSES)     .213*** (.036) .248*** (.040) .144*** (.024) .205*** (.031)
Educational participation of parents (P_Part)     .262*** (.027) .236*** (.031) .137*** (.019) .195*** (.023)
School quality (School)      .103** (.042) .059** (.025) .085** (.036)
Educational services (Tutor)      .295*** (.038) .171*** (.023) .244*** (.028)
Learning behaviors (Effort)       .580*** (.038) .826*** (.57)
  1. (1) Independent variables are listed in the row, and the dependent variables are listed in the column. (2) SEs are reported in brackets. (3) *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01