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Table 4 MNL models predicting strategy selection (N = 1272)

From: Do deep pockets have more political influence?—the size of private enterprises and their strategy selection in resolving administrative disputes

  Model 4.1 Model 4.2 Model 4.3 Model 4.4 Model 4.5 Model 4.6
  Association vs Government Confrontation vs Government Informal vs Government Confrontation vs Association Informal vs Association Informal vs Confrontation
Tax (ln) − 0.133** (0.049) − 0.084 (0.058) − 0.089+ (0.048) 0.049 (0.067) 0.044 (0.059) − 0.005 (0.066)
CCP 0.141 (0.185) 0.531* (0.216) 0.125 (0.168) 0.390 (0.261) − 0.016 (0.221) − 0.405+ (0.246)
Political connections 0.102 (0.189) − 0.102 (0.213) − 0.169 (0.184) − 0.204 (0.256) − 0.271 (0.234) − 0.068 (0.254)
Association 0.325 (0.200) − 0.178 (0.215) − 0.354* (0.168) − 0.503+ (0.266) − 0.679** (0.228) − 0.176 (0.242)
Establishment
1993–2002 − 0.528* − 0.440 0.026 0.088 0.554 0.466
(0.260) (0.307) (0.286) (0.349) (0.337) (0.369)
2003–2006 − 0.471 − 0.301 − 0.024 0.169 0.447 0.277
(0.306) (0.342) (0.329) (0.395) (0.388) (0.414)
Employment (ln) − 0.149+ − 0.001 − 0.135* 0.149 0.014 − 0.135
(0.077) (0.084) (0.068) (0.103) (0.091) (0.096)
Region
Middle − 0.295 − 0.994** − 1.130*** − 0.698 − 0.835* − 0.137
(0.306) (0.383) (0.316) (0.438) (0.375) (0.438)
West − 0.876+ − 0.964+ − 0.219 − 0.088 0.657 0.745
(0.450) (0.519) (0.363) (0.628) (0.505) (0.570)
Private economy level − 0.054 − 0.126 − 0.077 − 0.072 − 0.023 0.049
(0.087) (0.096) (0.086) (0.109) (0.101) (0.108)
GDP/100 (hundred million) − 0.034 − 0.033 − 0.042+ 0.001 − 0.008 − 0.009
(0.026) (0.026) (0.024) (0.032) (0.032) (0.032)
Other CVs YES YES YES YES YES YES
Constant 0.670 0.452 1.036 − 0.219 0.366 0.584
(0.730) (0.814) (0.696) (0.935) (0.830) (0.900)
Log likelihood − 1394.15      
  1. Robust standard error in parentheses
  2. Other CVs include gender, age, and education
  3. ***p < .001; **p < .01; *p < 0.05; +p < 0.1