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Table 1 Variable definition and descriptive statistics

From: Land endowment and education investment behavior of rural households: a field survey based on 887 administrative villages in 31 provinces of China

Variable Definition Mean Standard error
Acreage of land endowment (logarithm) Acreage of land possessed by the household (Chinese mu) 1.42 1.04
Education of child Decision on child’s education, hierarchical variable 2.19 1.20
Income per capita (logarithm) Arithmetic mean value of income per capita in the previous 12 months (RMB) 8.40 .83
Demographic variables of child
 Gender Dummy, 1 indicates male 49.93%  
 Age Age of the child 21.40 3.15
Demographic variables of household
 Male proportion Proportion of male members in the household .52 .23
 Household size Numbers of household members 4.34 1.20
 Over-60 proportion Proportion of senior members over 60 years old in the household .11 .15
 Under-18 proportion Proportion of young members under 18 years old in the household .13 .15
 Migrant proportion Proportion of migrant workers in the household .46 .30
 Medicare insurance Dummy, 1 indicates the household has insurance through the new rural cooperative medical system (NCMS) 91.37%  
 Eastern provinces Sample from eastern province 47.49%  
 Central provinces Sample from central province 26.60%  
 Western provinces Sample from western province 25.90%  
Household background variables
 Parents’ average education Arithmetic mean value of parents’ education period (year) 6.77 3.75
 Management and professional Dummy, 1 indicates at least one of the parents works a as manager or professional 21.40%  
 Commercial and business service Dummy, 1 indicates at least one of the parents works in commercial or business service while neither of the parents holds a position as a manager or professional 32.57%  
 Manual workers, farmers, and others Dummy, 1 indicates both parents works as manual laborers, farmers, or others 46.03%