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Table 2 Land and education level of rural children

From: Land endowment and education investment behavior of rural households: a field survey based on 887 administrative villages in 31 provinces of China

  Model 1 with income uncontrolled Model 2 with household background Model 3 with dummy variable of province Model 4 with income controlled
B Exp(B) B Exp(B) B Exp(B) B Exp(B)
Acreage of land endowment (logarithm) − .081*** (.027) .922 − .0835*** (.026) .920 − .062** (.027) .940 − .057** (.027) .944
Demographic variables of child
 Gender .175*** (.064) 1.191 .177*** (.064) 1.194 .175*** (.064) 1.191 .177*** (.064) 1.193
 Age .003 (.009) 1.003 .003 (.009) 1.003 .001 (.009) 1.001 − .002(.009) − .033
Demographic variables of household
Income per capita (logarithm)        .104** (.040) 1.110
 Male proportion − .077 (.147) .926 − .049 (.148) .952 − .014 (.148) .986 − .011 (.150) .989
 Household size .110*** (.025) 1.116 .083*** (.025) 1.087 .103*** (.025) 1.109 .113*** (.026) 1.120
 Over-60 proportion − .176 (.185) .839 − .194 (.185) 0.824 − .287 (.186) .751 − .343* (.188) .710
 Under-18 proportion − 1.067*** (.195) .344 − .997*** (.196) 0.369 − .975*** (.196) .377 − .974*** (.199) .378
 Migrant proportion .912*** (.102) 2.489 .588*** (.117) 1.800 .525*** (.118) 1.691 .474*** (.120) 1.606
 Medicare insurance − .145 (.118) .865 − .180 (.118) 0.835 − .161 (.118) − .851 −.155 (.118) .856
Household background variables
 Parents’ average education    .035*** (.007) 1.036 .031*** (.007) 1.032 .031*** (.007) 1.031
 Managers and professionals    .355*** (.083) 1.426 .320*** (.083) 1.377 .314*** (.084) 1.369
 Commercial and business services    .313*** (.071) 1.368 .283*** (.071) 1.327 .279*** (.072) 1.321
Province
 Eastern      .291*** (.070) 1.338 .220*** (.075) 1.246
 Central      − .047 (.071) .954 .068 (.072) 1.070
Obs 4198   4198   4198   4099  
Pseudo R2 .012   .016   .018   .019  
LM 155.64   205.84   233.33   230.68  
LM logarithm − 6303.367   − 6278.270   − 6264.522   − 6115.884  
  1. Note: The figures in parentheses are standard errors. *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01