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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of student sample (N = 17,284)

From: Who is more motivated to learn? The roles of family background and teacher-student interaction in motivating student learning

  Mean or % SD
Motivation to learn Math 3.197 0.845
Motivation to learn Chinese 3.393 0.749
Motivation to learn English 3.235 0.884
Student interaction with Math teacher 5.043 1.640
Student interaction with Chinese teacher 5.182 1.595
Student interaction with English teacher 5.211 1.655
Female 49.4
Migrant status 17.7
Ethnic minority 8.0
Rural hukou 54.7
Only child 44.2
Coresidence with both parents 77.3
Student effort 5.585 4.075
Frequency of parent-teacher interaction 4.506 1.758