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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of respondents in different counties (%)

From: Self-rated health among elders in different outmigration areas—a case study of rural Anhui, China

Variable Total County A County B County C
Gender Men 40.3 42.6 40.4 36.8
Women 59.7 57.4 59.6 63.2
Age 65~ 24.7 37.3 32.6 45.3
Household structure Parents and children 25.8 26.2 30.4 19.8
Three generations 21.4 27.3 19.5 15.2
Elderly and children 9.1 8.5 5.8 14.0
Elderly only 43.3 37.5 43.8 50.7
Other 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3
Education No education 44.0 42.6 38.6 52.0
Primary school 26.5 26.0 28.0 25.6
Middle school + 29.5 31.3 33.4 22.4
Occupation Farming 69.0 68.5 57.0 83.5
Other 31.0 31.5 43.0 16.5
Chronic disease No 48.8 48.9 54.5 42.1
Yes 51.2 51.1 45.5 57.9
Illness within 2 weeks No 54.1 62.0 58.0 40.0
Yes 45.1 38.0 42.0 60.0
Hospitalization in past year No 85.0 89.0 88.3 77.5
Yes 14.4 11.0 11.7 22.5
Exercise outdoor No 73.9 80.3 68.4 73.4
Yes 25.2 19.7 31.6 26.6
Smoke No 79.1 78.1 78.0 83.6
Yes 20.3 21.9 22.0 16.4