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Table 1 Basic information for major variables N = 9272

From: “Purchasing hope”: the consumption of children’s education in urban China

Categorical variables Value Percentage Variables Value Percentage
Supplemental lessons Attend 61.65 Parents’ occupation White collar 26.88
Did not attend 38.35 Non-white collar 73.12
Curricular tutoring class Attend 46.79 Family economic status Wealthy 7.81
Did not attend 53.21 Medium 81.37
Art/sports interest class Attend 37.97 Poor 10.81
Did not attend 62.03 Grade Grade 9 46.00
The structure of residence Living with both parents 74.48 Grade 7 54.00
Living with one parent/no parent 25.52 Boarding in school Yes 11.03
Quantitative structure of children Single-child family 59.99 No 88.98
The multiple-child family 40.01 Community type of school Central city 62.63
Sex structure of children Male 50.47 Non-central city 37.37
Female 49.53 Geographic location of school East 61.45
Parents’ education level College educated 30.59 Central 10.84
Non-college educated 69.41 West 27.71
Continuous variables Mean Standard deviation Continuous variables Mean Standard deviation
Expense of supplemental education (yuan) 1883.039 4809.482 Factor of “parent-child affectionate interaction” −9.55e−09 1
Parent-child accompany time (hour) 3.224 3.094 Parental education expectation 17.180 2.944