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Table 3 Foreign trade, FDI, and sectoral income levels: western provinces, 2000–2014

From: Global market and income gaps between industries: evidence from finance industry and manufacturing industry

  Model 13 Model 14 Model 15 Model 16 Model 17 Model 18
Monopolistic sector Non-finance monopolistic industries Finance industry Competitive sector Non-manufacturing competitive industries Manufacturing industry
Lagged variable −.389*** (.0589) −.404*** (.0937) −.363** (.0610) −.395*** (.0955) −.427*** (.102) −.530*** (.0943)
Contribution to GDP .00282 (.00518) .00269 (.00708) .00800 (.00771) − 00158 (.00859) −.00141 (.00964) .00344 (.00735)
Foreign trade −.0004* (.00019) −.000873 (.000948) −.00103 (.00161) −.000561 (.00206) −.000815 (.00277) .00148 (.00177)
FDI .00186 (.00185) .000595 (.00623) .000997 (.00296) −.00739 (.00694) −.00539 (.00743) −.0203** (.00771)
GDP −.187* (.0981) −.0922 (.195) −.195 (.236) −.0301 (.273) −.0349 (.309) .200 (.206)
GDP per capita .234** (.106) .181 (.167) .220 (.213) .00806 (.257) 0.00870 (.289) −.0887 (.196)
Male workers as % of the workforce .00129 (.000852) .00258 (.00278) .00351 (.00204) .000985 (.00425) .0000854 (.00470) .00829** (.00368)
% of the workforce with a college degree or higher .0180*** (.00298) −.00300 (.00126) .0268*** (.00606) −.00297 (.00309) −.00278 (.00342) −.00462 (.00278)
Years after 2008 .157*** (.0378) .205** (.0727) .254*** (.0662) .351** (.133) .378** (.143) .299*** (.103)
Constant term 3.797** (1.726) 2.865 (3.949) 3.416 (4.238) 2.793 (5.041) 3.116 (5.692) −2.123 (3.858)
R 2 .54 .56 .70 .50 .48 .56
Sample size 209 141 209 139 139 141
  1. Note: (1) *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01 (two-tailed test); (2) standard error in parenthesis