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Table 1 Distribution of precarious work in mainland China and Hong Kong (%)

From: Precarious work and labor market segmentation: a comparative study on mainland China and Hong Kong

  Mainland China Hong Kong
Original sample (N = 348+) Analytical sample (N = 333) Original sample (N = 565+) Analytical sample (N = 515)
Age
 < 30 17.85 18.02 19.83 20.19
 30+ 24.67 25.23 14.58 14.56
 40+ 35.17 35.14 25.08 25.05
 50+ 17.32 16.52 29.83 29.90
 > = 60 4.99 5.11 10.68 10.29
Education
 Primary school or lower 17.06 17.72 30.85 29.71
 Middle school 35.70 35.74 31.36 32.23
 High school 27.03 26.13 29.66 30.10
 Associate degree 8.66 8.71 3.73 3.69
 College degree or higher 11.55 11.71 4.41 4.27
Occupation     
 Manager/director 7.09 7.21 1.19 0.78
 Professional/technician 27.82 28.53 5.61 5.24
 Administrative staff 10.50 10.81 5.77 6.41
 Sales and service staff 18.64 19.52 33.45 34.95
 Production staff 16.80 17.41 19.86 19.80
 Non-skilled labor and other 19.16 16.52 34.13 32.81
Economic sector
 Private sector 69.83 70.87 95.75 95.53
 Public sector 30.17 29.13 4.25 4.47
Industry
 Construction 19.05 18.62 22.87 22.52
 Transport, post and telecommunication services, and storage 19.58 20.72
 Wholesale, retail trade and catering services 10.32 11.11 32.08 31.45
 Health care, sports and social welfare 13.23 12.01
 Other Omitted Omitted Omitted Omitted
Hukou status
 Local residents 54.07 53.75 51.86 50.68
 Migrants 45.93 46.25 48.14 49.32
Sex
 Female 41.99 41.74 47.46 50.10
 Male 58.01 58.26 52.54 49.90