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Table 1 Property rights, coordination, and class position in transitional China

From: Class structure and income inequality in transitional China

Organization typeOwnershipControl rightsCoordinationDomination typeClass position
BureaucraticMarketDominantMiddleSubordinate
Party and Government OrganState++AuthorityCadreAdministrative staff and clerkSubordinate organization and worker
State-owned/held enterpriseStateState+++AuthorityBoard chairman/general managerDepartment manager and professionalWorker
Collective-owned/held enterpriseCollectiveCollective+++AuthorityBoard chairman/general managerDepartment manager and professionalWorker
State-owned non-profit organizationStateState+++AuthorityDirectorDepartment manager and professionalWorker
Collective-owned non-profit organizationCollectiveCollective+++AuthorityDirectorDepartment manager and professionalWorker
Private-owned/held enterprisePrivatePrivate+++MarketOwnerManager, supervisor and professionalWorker
Private non-profit organizationPrivatePrivate+++MarketOwnerDepartment manager and professionalWorker
Self-employed firmPrivatePrivate+++MarketGovernment supervisorSelf-employerWorker
Household contractor of rural collective economyCollectivePrivate+++MarketVillage leaderFarmerAgricultural worker
  1. “++” indicates dominant (primary), “+” indicates secondary, “−” indicates no