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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of relevant variables (N = 4004)

From: Cultural reproduction or cultural mobility? Unequal education achievement among Chinese college students

Variable 2006 cohort 2008 cohort All
Educational achievement School grades 3.47 (1.22)* 3.48 (1.21) 3.48 (1.21)
Student leadership 2.01 (1.02) 2.25 (1.17) 2.12 (1.10)
English Level Four score 506.50 (72.10) 519.07 (72.10) 512.56 (72.37)
Family background Working-class and farmers 22.92 20.13 21.58
Nonphysical laborer 33.06 33.44 33.24
Professional 10.42 12.01 11.19
Managerial class 33.59 34.42 33.99
Family cultural capital 3.82 (2.04) 4.08 (1.98) 3.95 (2.02)
Family economic capital 10.58 (1.14) 10.61 (1.11) 10.60 (1.13)
Absence 1.99 (0.48) 1.96 (0.48) 1.97 (0.48)
Time spent on student activities (h) 4.67 (6.55) 4.48 (4.62) 4.58 (5.0)
Gender (1 = male, %) 52.8 53.16 52.97
Ethnicity (1 = Han, %) 89.29 89.18 89.24
Hukou before college (1 = nonagricultural, %) 71.67 72.26 71.95
University (%) Elite university 27.32 30.28 28.75
211 university 35.52 35.66 35.59
Non-211 university 37.16 34.06 35.66
Major (%) Humanities 9.46 11.96 10.66
Social science 33.88 33.23 33.57
Natural science 56.66 54.81 55.77
  1. *The standard deviation is listed in parentheses