Skip to main content

Table 5 Decomposition of the channel effect of early life adversity on health (N = 9701)

From: Early life adversity and health inequality: a dual interaction model

  Type of early life adversity Duration of early life adversity
  Robust Mediating effect   Robust Mediating effect
Estimate SE % Estimate SE %
Early life adversity
 Total effect 0.277*** 0.023   0.146*** 0.024  
 Direct effect 0.081*** 0.024   0.031 0.024  
 Indirect effect 0.196*** 0.047 70.76 0.115** 0.049 78.77
Serious illness in early life
 Total effect 0.255*** 0.021   0.133*** 0.022  
 Direct effect 0.245*** 0.021   0.127*** 0.022  
 Indirect effect 0.010* 0.005 3.92 0.006 0.006 4.51
Self-rated poor health in early life
 Total effect 0.254*** 0.021   0.132*** 0.022  
 Direct effect 0.230*** 0.022   0.120*** 0.022  
 Indirect effect 0.023*** 0.008 9.06 0.012 0.009 9.09
Education
 Total effect 0.256*** 0.021   0.134*** 0.022  
 Direct effect 0.234*** 0.022   0.115*** 0.022  
 Indirect effect 0.022** 0.009 8.59 0.019* 0.01 14.18
Non-agricultural employment
 Total effect 0.257*** 0.021   0.134*** 0.022  
 Direct effect 0.246*** 0.021   0.122*** 0.022  
 Indirect effect 0.011 0.010 4.28 0.011 0.01 8.21
Residence place
 Total effect 0.258*** 0.021   0.135*** 0.022  
 Direct effect 0.243*** 0.021   0.124*** 0.022  
 Indirect effect 0.015 0.011 5.81 0.011 0.011 8.2
Relative economic status
 Total effect 0.259*** 0.021   0.135*** 0.022  
 Direct effect 0.221*** 0.022   0.114*** 0.022  
 Indirect effect 0.038** 0.019 14.67 0.021 0.02 15.56
Disability risk
 Total effect 0.260*** 0.022   0.138*** 0.022  
 Direct effect 0.239*** 0.022   0.127*** 0.022  
 Indirect effect 0.021 0.019 8.08 0.011 0.019 7.97
Depressed emotions
 Total effect 0.273*** 0.023   0.143*** 0.024  
 Direct effect 0.129*** 0.023   0.058** 0.024  
 Indirect effect 0.144*** 0.041 52.75 0.085** 0.043 59.44
  1. *p < 0.1
  2. **p < 0.05
  3. ***p < 0.01