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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for each variable

From: “Mixed” subjective class identity: a new interpretation of Chinese class identity

Variables Categories/statistics 2010 2013 Total
Dependent variable     
 Subjective class identity (point) Mean 4.0 4.3 4.2
S. D. 1.7 1.7 1.7
 Class identity bias (point) Mean −1.4 −1.3 −1.3
S. D. 3.0 3.0 3.0
 Absolute value of class
identity bias (point)
Mean 2.7 2.7 2.7
S. D. 2.0 1.8 1.9
Independent variable     
 Individual’s social economic status (SES)     
 Years of schooling (year) Mean 8.6 8.7 8.7
S. D. 4.5 4.6 4.6
 Income (yuan) Mean 18,039.0 22,621.6 20,321.0
S. D. 80,211.4 36,337.9 62,390.7
 Party membership (%) No 87.4 89.9 88.6
Yes 12.6 10.1 11.4
 Individual’s SES score (point) Mean 0.0 0.0 0.0
S. D. 0.6 0.6 0.6
Parents’ SES     
 Family social class score
at respondent’s age 14 (point)
Mean 2.9 3.1 3.0
S. D. 1.9 1.8 1.8
 Parents’ highest year of schooling at respondent’s age 14 (year) Mean 4.9 5.0 5.0
S. D. 4.6 4.6 4.6
 Parents’ highest occupation ISEI
at respondent’s age 14 (point)
Mean 32.1 31.3 31.7
S. D. 14.9 14.6 14.7
 Parents’ SES score (point) Mean 0.0 0.0 0.0
  S. D. 0.8 0.8 0.8
Spouse’s SES     
 Years of schooling (year) Mean 8.5 8.5 8.5
S. D. 4.3 4.4 4.3
 Income (yuan) Mean 16,621.6 22,089.8 19,400.9
S. D. 34,391.5 31,063.6 32,855.2
 Party membership (%) No 89.8 91.9 90.8
Yes 10.2 8.1 9.2
 Spouse’s SES score (point) Mean 0.0 0.0 0.0
S. D. 0.7 0.7 0.7
Control variable     
 Gender (%) Female 51.4 49.5 50.4
Male 48.6 50.6 49.6
 Age (year) Mean 47.4 48.8 48.1
S. D. 15.2 16.2 15.7
 Marital status (%) Unmarried 8.3 10.0 9.1
Married 81.8 79.6 80.7
Divorced or Widowed 9.9 10.4 10.2
 Place of residence (%) Rural 40.4 40.4 40.4
Urban 59.6 59.6 59.6
 Whether co-reside with parents (%) No 87.4 86.1 86.8
Yes 12.6 13.9 13.2
 Class status compared with peers (%) Higher   4.5 4.5
Similar   61.3 61.3
Lower   34.1 34.1
 Perceptions of social mobility (%) Downward 14.7 11.7 13.2
Immobile 32.8 29.8 31.3
Upward 52.5 58.5 55.5
 House ownership (%) No house 7.3 6.0 6.7
Have one house 78.4 80.7 79.5
Have multiple houses 14.3 13.4 13.8
 Car ownership (%) No 89.5 83.8 86.6
Yes 10.5 16.3 13.4
Sample size (person)   10,004 9923 19,927
  1. Note: Spouses’ years of education, income, party membership, and composite SES scores are only counted for the sample with spouses