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Table 3 The effect of parents’ social status on children’s subjective class identity (N = 9923)

From: “Mixed” subjective class identity: a new interpretation of Chinese class identity

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Male −0.217*** −0.162*** −0.163*** −0.149***
(0.031) (0.031) (0.031) (0.031)
Age 0.001 0.008*** 0.009*** 0.007***
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
Urban residency 0.202*** 0.073* 0.072* 0.066*
(0.033) (0.033) (0.033) (0.033)
Marital status (unmarried = 0)     
 Married 0.127* 0.250*** 0.311*** 0.254***
(0.054) (0.054) (0.057) (0.057)
 Divorced or widowed 0.047 0.135 0.187* 0.149
(0.076) (0.075) (0.076) (0.076)
Number of houses (no house = 0)     
 Own one house 0.107 0.074 0.075 0.079
(0.063) (0.062) (0.062) (0.062)
 Own multiple houses 0.309*** 0.230** 0.228** 0.233**
(0.074) (0.073) (0.073) (0.073)
Have a car 0.427*** 0.344*** 0.335*** 0.340***
(0.043) (0.042) (0.042) (0.042)
Relative social status to peers (higher = 0)     
 Similar −0.803*** −0.787*** −0.784*** −0.786***
(0.073) (0.071) (0.071) (0.071)
 Lower −1.722*** −1.655*** −1.649*** −1.654***
(0.076) (0.074) (0.074) (0.074)
Perception of social mobility (downward = 0)     
 Immobile 0.224*** 0.279*** 0.280*** 0.278***
(0.051) (0.050) (0.050) (0.050)
 Upward 1.059*** 1.179*** 1.179*** 1.179***
(0.047) (0.047) (0.047) (0.047)
Individual’s social status 0.373*** 0.206*** 0.213*** 0.211***
(0.030) (0.030) (0.030) (0.030)
Parents’ social status   0.502*** 0.766*** 0.481***
  (0.024) (0.092) (0.025)
Above 35 years old    −0.037  
   (0.054)  
Parents’ social status × above 35 years old    −0.150**  
   (0.050)  
Co-reside with parents     −0.132*
    (0.052)
Parent social status × co-reside with parents     0.161**
    (0.058)
Intercept 4.339*** 3.890*** 3.839*** 3.928***
(0.121) (0.121) (0.128) (0.124)
R2 0.243 0.275 0.276 0.276
  1. +p < 0.10
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.01
  4. ***p < 0.001