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Table 5 Mechanisms of gender role attitude effects on women’s income

From: Gender role attitudes and male-female income differences in China

Variables Education attainment Labor force participation Working hours ISEI
OLS Probit Tobit OLS
Gender role attitudes − .133*** − .171*** − 3.666*** − .835***
Senior high school   .074 − .726 6.213***
College or higher   .813*** .878 15.040***
Good health   .418*** 13.390*** 2.411***
Age − .030*** .154*** 4.844*** .493***
Age square/10 .001 − .019*** − .585*** − .073***
Married   − .607*** − 12.614*** − .247
Divorced or widowed   − .219 − 5.046 .374
Children under 6 years of age   − .564*** − 12.051***  
CPC member   .323** 1.795 5.444***
Rural household registration − .620*** .009 3.391* − 2.499***
Han .043    
ISEI of father .009***    
Mother with higher education .290***    
N 2189 2465 2465 2465
  1. Dummy variables of the provincial level are controlled. Standard errors are clustered by township (subdistrict)
  2. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, and *p < 0.1 (two-tailed test)