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Table 4 Socioeconomic stratification of China’s new generation (results of regression analysis)

From: Children of the reform and opening-up: China’s new generation and new era of development

  Income and employment Consumption
Dependent variables Annual income (Yuan) Employment rate Unemployment risk in the next 6 months Expenditures on clothing (Yuan) Expenditures on cultural and recreational activities (Yuan) Expenditures on telecommunication (Yuan)
Constant term/second- generation rural youth 27,423.1* 1.096* 0 1528.4* 330.5* 667.5*
Second-generation urban youth 27,462.9* 2.402* − .783* 2342.8* 1780.6* 382.4*
Counter-attackers 15,902.9* 1.904* − .341* 963.6* 887.7* 194.1*
Stagnators 6224.9* 1.473* − .601* 719.7* 579.1* 242.5*
R2/-2LL 0.062 4614.3 132.2 0.061 0.049 0.014
Sample size 4078 4078 4078 4078 4078 4078
  Social participation
Dependent variables Frequently reading political news online Discussing political issues with others in person or online Participating in volunteer activities organized by the government, workplace, or school Participating in self-organized volunteer activities Joining cultural, sports, and recreational groups Joining civic associations
Constant term/second- generation rural youth 0.576* 0.163* 0.085* 0.169 0.051* 0.051*
Second-generation urban youth 3.670* 3.673* 5.400* 2.646* 3.475* 3.419*
Counter-attackers 2.572* 3.082* 4.977* 2.275* 3.288* 3.661*
Stagnators 1.362* 1.292 1.341 0.854 1.281 1.289
-2LL 5354.1 4086.2 3314.6 3921.5 2288.6 2321.7
Sample size 4078 4078 4078 4078 4078 4078
  1. Note: “Annual income,” “expenditures on clothing,” “expenditures on cultural and recreational activities,” and “expenditures on telecommunication” are linear regression coefficients; “unemployment risk during next 6 months” is a logistic regression coefficient; and “employment rate,” “frequently reading political news online,” “discussing political issues with others in person or online,” “participating in volunteer activities organized by government, workplace or school,” “participating in self-organized volunteer activities,” “joining cultural, sports, and recreational groups,” and “joining civic associations” are logistic regression odds ratios
  2. *p=0.005