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Table 3 Multinomial logistic regression of selected variables on the relative income groups—Northeast (NE) and Southeast (SE) regions, Brazil, 2001

From: Back to the past: gains and losses in Brazilian society

Intercept and covariates Income groupa
Extremely poor Vulnerable Lower-middle Upper-middle Rich
b OR b OR B OR b OR b OR
Intercept 7.015* - 7.666* - 5.979* - 4.435* - 1.755* -
Age − 0.096* .908 − 0.071* .932 − 0.040* .960 − 0.025* .976 − 0.006* .994
Sex: female (ref: male) 0.656* 1.928 0.453* 1.574 0.267* 1.306 0.125* 1.133 .034 1.035
Race: black (ref: white) 1.155* 3.173 1.007* 2.737 0.841* 2.318 0.632* 1.882 0.313* 1.367
Years of schooling − 0.505* .603 − 0.423* .655 − 0.344* .709 − 0.249* .780 − 0.101* .904
Region: NE (ref: SE) 1.832* 6.245 1.088* 2.968 0.535* 1.708 .000 1.000 − .004 .996
Area: rural (ref: urban) 0.832* 2.298 0.225* 1.253 − .065 .937 − 0.463* .630 − 0.644* .525
  1. aReference category, very rich
  2. *Statistically significant at p value < 0.01