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Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression of selected variables on the relative income groups—Northeast (NE) and Southeast (SE) regions, Brazil, 2008

From: Back to the past: gains and losses in Brazilian society

Intercept and covariates Income groupa
Extremely poor Vulnerable Lower-middle Upper-middle Rich
b OR b OR B OR b OR b OR
Intercept 6.511* - 7.112* - 5.384* - 3.870* - 1.695* -
Age − 0.099* .906 − 0.075* .927 − 0.046* .955 − 0.030* .970 − 0.011* .989
Sex: female (ref: male) 0.505* 1.657 0.337* 1.401 0.177* 1.194 0.074* 1.077 .045 1.047
Race: black (ref: white) 0.983* 2.673 0.877* 2.403 0.700* 2.014 0.483* 1.622 0.253* 1.288
Years of schooling − 0.516* .597 − 0.417* .659 − 0.318* .728 − 0.223* .800 − 0.098* .907
Region: NE (ref: SE) 1.749* 5.750 1.073* 2.924 0.381* 1.464 − .005 .995 − 0.166* .847
Area: rural (ref: urban) 1.104* 3.016 0.476* 1.610 0.141* 1.151 − 0.307* .735 − 0.517* .597
  1. aReference category, very rich
  2. *Statistically significant at p value < 0.01