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Table 5 Multinomial logistic regression of selected variables on the relative income groups—Northeast (NE) and Southeast (SE) regions, Brazil, 2015

From: Back to the past: gains and losses in Brazilian society

Intercept and covariates Income groupa
Extremely poor Vulnerable Lower-middle Upper-middle Rich
b OR b OR b OR b OR b OR
Intercept 7.240* - 7.885* - 6.183* - 4.564* - 1.886* -
Age − 0.097* .908 − 0.071* .931 − 0.041 .959 − 0.026* .974 − 0.008* .992
Sex: female (ref: male) 0.685* 1.984 0.466* 1.594 0.269* 1.309 0.125* 1.134 .035 1.036
Race: black (ref: white) 1.146* 3.145 1.003* 2.726 .846 2.330 0.655* 1.925 0.345* 1.412
Years of schooling − 0.523* .593 − 0.436* .646 − 0.355* .701 − 0.254* .776 − 0.105* .900
Region: NE (ref: SE) 1.722* 5.595 1.041* 2.832 0.524* 1.690 .030 1.031 .003 1.003
Area: rural (ref: urban) 0.807* 2.241 0.138** 1.148 − 0.163* .849 − 0.540 .583 − 0.754* .471
  1. aReference category, very rich
  2. *Statistically significant at p value < 0.01
  3. **Statistically significant at p value < 0.05