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Table 4 OLS regression models of Japanese residents’ xenophobia

From: History matters: the long-term impact of historical immigrant size on current xenophobia in Japan

  2010 1930 1955 1980
Female (ref. = male) − 0.021 (0.034) − 0.022 (0.033) − 0.022 (0.0334) − 0.022 (0.033)
Age − 0.002 (0.001) − 0.002 (0.001) − 0.002 (0.001) − 0.002 (0.001)
Educational years − 0.026*** (0.007) − 0.026*** (0.007) − 0.026*** (0.007) − 0.026*** (0.007)
Resident years 0.002*** (0.001) 0.002*** (0.001) 0.002*** (0.001) 0.002*** (0.001)
Occupational status (ref. = high professionals)
Low professionals − 0.047 (0.126) − 0.048 (0.125) − 0.048 (0.126) − 0.049 (0.126)
Self-employed 0.032 (0.029) 0.033 (0.029) 0.033 (0.029) 0.033 (0.029)
Skilled manual 0.058 (0.057) 0.055 (0.057) 0.055 (0.057) 0.056 (0.057)
Unskilled manual − 0.030 (0.054) − 0.030 (0.055) − 0.030 (0.054) − 0.030 (0.054)
Agricultural 0.204* (0.118) 0.203* (0.117) 0.206* (0.117) 0.206* (0.118)
Unemployed 0.020 (0.035) 0.018 (0.035) 0.018 (0.035) 0.018 (0.035)
Logarithm of household income − 0.009 (0.014) − 0.008 (0.014) − 0.008 (0.014) − 0.008 (0.014)
Ratios of manufacturing in 2010 0.540* (0.328) 0.642** (0.270) 0.591* (0.291) 0.580* (0.296)
Immigrant size 2010 8.067*** (1.979) 6.458*** (1.698) 6.874*** (1.822) 6.541*** (1.975)
Historical immigrant size 1930   4.485*** (1.413)   
Historical immigrant size 1955    4.162** (1.538)  
Historical immigrant size 1980     4.972** (2.023)
Constant 0.145 (0.155) 0.110 (0.159) 0.120 (0.156) 0.131 (0.154)
Observations 3155 3155 3155 3155
R-squared 0.017 0.019 0.018 0.018
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses
  2. ***p < 0.01; **p < 0.05; *p < 0.1