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Table 5 OLS regression models of Japanese residents’ xenophobia

From: History matters: the long-term impact of historical immigrant size on current xenophobia in Japan

  1930 1955 1980
Female (ref. = male) − 0.022 (0.033) − 0.022 (0.033) − 0.022 (0.033)
Age − 0.002 (0.001) − 0.002 (0.001) − 0.002 (0.001)
Educational years − 0.026*** (0.007) − 0.026*** (0.007) − 0.026*** (0.007)
Resident years 0.002*** (0.001) 0.002*** (0.001) 0.002*** (0.001)
Occupational status (ref. = high professionals)
Low professionals − 0.048 (0.125) − 0.048 (0.125) − 0.047 (0.125)
Self-employed 0.033 (0.029) 0.033 (0.029) 0.033 (0.029)
Skilled manual 0.056 (0.057) 0.055 (0.057) 0.055 (0.057)
Unskilled manual − 0.029 (0.055) − 0.029 (0.055) − 0.029 (0.055)
Agricultural 0.203* (0.117) 0.206* (0.117) 0.205* (0.118)
Unemployed 0.018 (0.035) 0.019 (0.035) 0.019 (0.035)
Logarithm of household income − 0.008 (0.014) − 0.00 (0.014) − 0.008 (0.014)
Ratios of manufacturing in 2010 0.662* (0.327) 0.588 (0.365) 0.366 (0.329)
Immigrant size 2010 6.431*** (1.766) 6.900*** (2.091) 7.373*** (1.960)
Historical Korean immigrant size 1930 4.290*** (1.268)   
Historical Chinese immigrant size 8.106 (17.14)   
Historical Korean immigrant size 1955   4.118** (1.589)  
Historical Chinese immigrant size 1955   5.801 (36.34)  
Historical Korean immigrant size 1980    5.739** (2.141)
Historical Chinese immigrant size 1980    − 43.94 (55.94)
Constant 0.106 0.120 0.181
(0.172) (0.170) (0.156)
Observations 3155 3155 3155
R-squared 0.019 0.018 0.018
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses
  2. ***p < 0.01; **p < 0.05; *p < 0.1