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Table 5 The bottom half and the top 10%. Income ratios in China, India, Europe, and the USA, 1980–2015. Before and after taxes and transfers (T&T)

From: Two epochal turns of inequality, their significance, and their dynamics

  1980 2015
Before T&T After T&T Before T&T After T&T
China 1:5 n.d. 1:14 n.d.
India 1:7 n.d. 1:20 n.d.
Europe 1:8 1:7 1:10 1:8
USA 1:8 1:6 1:20 1:12
  1. Europe is all Europe excl. Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus. Sources: China (1978 and 2015) and India: World Inequality Database, www.wid.world/country; Europe and USA: Blanchet et al. 2019: 57f