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Table 3 Descriptive statistics of the SHFS 2010

From: The reproduction of working class? Social mobility and the stratification of parenting practice in urban Chinese families

  Parent-child relationship Skill building
Variable Mean (S.D.) Mean (S.D.)
Dependent variables   
 Parent-child relationship 6.53 (.902)  
 Skill building   
  Autonomy   .025 (1.00)
  Emotional expression   −.069 (1.05)
  Overall performance   −.012 (1.00)
Independent variables   
 Mobility experience   
  Working class immobile .378 .374
  Downwardly mobile .133 .133
  Upwardly mobile .267 .267
  Middle class immobile .220 .225
Control variables   
 Male .419 .417
 Age 49.91 (10.04) 49.78 (10.09)
 Had one child .880 .881
 Had Shanghai hukou .856 .856
 Education level   
  Junior high or lower .372 .358
  Senior high .391 .398
  College and above .236 .243
 Sample size 803 756
  1. Note: the standard deviations of the continuous variables are in parentheses