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Table 4 Ordinal logistic regressions on the parent-child relationship and multivariate linear regressions on skill building in SHFS 2010

From: The reproduction of working class? Social mobility and the stratification of parenting practice in urban Chinese families

  Parent-child relationship Skill building
   Autonomy Emotional expression Overall performance
Middle-class parentsa 0.380* −0.067 0.252** 0.171*
  (0.180) (0.083) (0.086) (0.083)
Control variables     
 Maleb −0.243 −0.044 0.092 −0.116
  (0.161) (0.075) (0.077) (0.075)
 Age −0.028** 0.002 0.007 −0.001
  (0.010) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
 Have one childc −0.149 −0.069 0.325** −0.171
  (0.258) (0.118) (0.121) (0.117)
 Shanghai hukoud 0.407 −0.205+ −0.152 0.113
  (0.262) (0.120) (0.124) (0.120)
 Educational levele     
  Senior high 0.489** 0.239** −0.059 0.079
  (.185) (0.088) (0.090) (0.087)
  College and above 0.184 0.359** 0.211+ 0.085
  (0.251) (0.116) (0.120) (0.116)
Constant / 0.044 −0.778** 0.003
   (0.234) (0.241) (0.233)
R2 e 0.021 0.019 0.045 0.017
N 803 756 756 756
  1. The standard errors are in parentheses
  2. +p<0.1,*p<0.05, **p<0.01, and ***p<0.001 (two-tailed test)
  3. Reference groups: aworking-class parents, bfemale, cparents with multiple children, and djunior high or lower. eThe model of the parent-child relationship shows the pseudo-R squared